FAQ's
Why should textile brand owners consider switching to Organic cotton?
Over the past decades, many reports citing conventional cotton farming as one of agriculture's most environmentally destructive activities have triggered interest for garments made of organic cotton. Moreover, socially conscious people are demanding products made without exploitative labor – "fair made, not sweatshop made". With pressure already upon the garment industry for fair labor policies, why continue to support the use of toxic fibers manufactured with all disregard for human rights? The simple act of growing and harvesting the one pound of cotton fiber needed to make a T-shirt takes an enormous toll on the air, water, and soil, not to mention the health of people living and working in cotton country. Marcos raising awareness about the negative health and environmental effects of conventional and genetically engineered cotton a priority. We consider that Organic cotton is the only viable alternative for bringing about a positive change in this situation.
What is organic cotton and how is it grown?
Organic cotton is cotton which has been grown without chemical fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides. Before a farm can be certified as Organic , it has to grow cotton organically for a minimum period of 3 years to ensure that all traces of chemicals and pesticides are removed from its soil and environment. Natural fertilizers and fertilizing techniques are used instead, including compost, manure, naturally derived mineral and plant fertilizers, and crop rotation. Third-party manure, naturally derived mineral and plant fertilizers, and crop rotation. Third-party certification is done by organizations verify that organic producers employ only approved natural methods and materials in organic production according to strictly enforced international standards.
How often is the chain of organic cotton production audited for certification?
A fully organic certified organic cotton chain of production (including farms) goes through annual inspections, as well as un-announced audits at the discretion of the inspector's judgment.
What documentation does a retailer or brand need to have available in order to prove that the cotton is genuine certified organic?
A retailer or brand selling a cotton products that are claimed to be made from organic cotton, must be able to prove that the cotton was produced in accordance with international standards (see GOTS international standards for organic cotton: www.global-standard.org )

Each certified organic operation will have an organic certificate that was issued to them by the certifying agent. Each organic cotton product must be traceable back to the operation where the cotton was produced by means of records kept by the certifying agent, producer, processor, manufacturer, and ultimately the brand or retailer. You can obtain the latest copy of Marcos's certification on the Marcos website: www.marcosinternational.com
How do farmers convert to Organic farming?
Many cotton farmers wish to convert to organic agriculture, because they have witnessed the benefits organic cotton can bring. However conversion to organic agriculture is a difficult process and farmers need to be sure that they will be able to sell their organic cotton fibres. By choosing to use organic cotton, you help to develop the demand, and hence to allow many more farmers to transform their lives.
Is cotton really natural?
Cotton has been cultivated and used to manufacture textiles for thousands of years. We find cotton fibers inside the fruit of the cotton plant. Cotton is indeed a natural fibre, like wool, linen and silk. However for the past 50 years or so, cotton has been grown using ever increasing amounts of chemicals such as synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Thus while cotton remains a natural fibre, modern cotton production is often far from "natural", unless it is organic.
Is there such a thing as an organic fabric?
An organic textile is a textile product (fabric, garment), made with organic cotton (or wool, etc) which has been processed and manufactured according to a set of "organic textile standards". Some chemicals remain essential but the most environmentally-friendly chemicals and processes are used. Unlike organic cotton fibre, there are no laws governing organic textiles; the standards are therefore set by private agencies (such as the Global Organic Textile Standards, or GOTS, used by the Soil Association).
What does organic cotton mean?
Organic cotton means a cotton fibre which has been grown according to the principles and rules of organic agriculture. Organic agriculture uses no synthetic pesticides or fertilizers, and no Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO). Organic fertilizers (such as compost) and plant-based pest management products (such as neem or garlic extract) are used. However, organic agriculture is not merely about replacing synthetic inputs with natural ones. The major principle is to restore a natural balance within the farm, with healthy soils, rich in organic matter. In such an environment, the pests are not systematically destroyed by poisons but are kept under control by their predators, just as they are in nature.
Some people say poor farmers would be better off growing food than cotton. Are they right?
These people are mistaken. First of all cotton is often the only "cash crop" poor subsistence farmers can grow to provide them with the necessary income to buy tools, clothes, school books, medicines, etc. Secondly, the concept of crop rotation is a major principle of organic agriculture. Organic cotton farmers typically grow twice as much food as cotton. This allows them to ensure "food security" (enough food) for their whole community. When farmers grow cotton organically they also grow, as a result, very healthy and nutritive organic food which is not contaminated by pesticides. We call this "food safety", and it is all thanks to organic cotton.
What are the benefits of Organic Cotton for the planet?
The 5 benefits of organic cotton production for the planet are (www.cottonedon.org):
  • Give control to farmers, not GM companies Organic farmers don't have their choices controlled by GM companies
  • Eliminate hazardous synthetic pesticides; Organic cotton doesn't use dangerous pesticides, protecting farmers' lives and the environment
  • Help farmers feed their families; Organic cotton enables farmers to grow other crops for food and income
  • Save precious water; Organic cotton uses less water, preserving a scarce and precious resource for the future
  • Combat climate change; Organic cotton farming uses less energy and healthy organic soils store more carbon
Why does Marcos support Fair-trade?
Fair-trade represents respect for the social, economic and labour rights of farmers and workers. It encourages sustainable farming practices, protects the environment and improves the quality of health and well being for farmers and workers. Fair-trade enables the funding of community projects - the building of schools, health clinics, the building of wells for access to clean water, and education and training in business and agriculture. By supporting fair–trade practices, Marcos brings support for the social and economic rights of the entire supply chain, including the farmers that are behind each product.
Why choose India for your organic cotton products?
India has one of the longest and most respected textile traditions in the world, which means it provides you access to some of the highest quality production facilities, all in compliance with Global Organic Textile Standards (GOTS). For quality, price, volume and scale, India is the destination for organic cotton.
What is Thread Count?
Thread count is the number of horizontal and vertical threads in 1 square inch of woven cotton. Contrary to popular belief, higher thread count doesn't necessarily translate into higher quality – the quality of the product depends directly on the weaving process and the quality of the yarn used.
What is sateen?
Sateen is a cotton fabric with a luster resembling that of satin. It is used for sheets and apparel and is known for its soft, smooth texture. Long-fiber, combed or carded cotton is used to make sateen. The cotton is then mercerized to bring out a sheen. This mercerized luster is one of the hallmarks of good sateen. The material should be very soft to the touch, with a high thread count, and should drape well. It uses the satin stitch in construction, which means the threads are mostly on one side of the fabric, giving that smooth look.
What is percale?
Percale is a closely-woven, plain weave fabric with a thread count of at least 180. Mainly associated with bed sheets, it is also in garment making. Percale is made from cotton or cotton blends. Percale has a rich history, originating in India and then becoming popular in France. Percale sheets have a crisp, soft feel that is smooth and cool against the skin.
What is jersey?
Jersey fabric is a type of knit textile made from cotton or a cotton blend. Some common uses for jersey fabric include t-shirts and winter bedding. The fabric is warm, flexible, stretchy, and very insulating, making it a popular choice for the layer worn closest to the body. Jersey also tends to be soft, making it very comfortable. A knitting machine is used to make jersey, since it can create the small, even, close grained stitches associated with jersey fabric. Like many other knit fabrics, jersey fabric has a right side and a wrong side. The right side of the material is marked by a series of very small lines which run vertically, and the wrong side has a horizontal grain. In most cases, a garment made from jersey fabric is sewn with the right side facing out, unless the seamstress is making a deliberate stylistic choice.
What is flannel?
Generally, a cotton or wool fabric, which has been napped on one or both sides followed by a bleaching, dyeing or printing process and then brushed or rerun through the napping machine to revive the nap. The cloth is subjected to milling and raising treatment, to give a very soft handle.

A light to medium weight woven fabric with a soft, slightly napped surface. Flannel shrinks if not pre-shrunk and sags with wear, unless underlined. Does not shine or wrinkle.
What is Interlock?
Interlock is a doubleknit fabric that looks smooth on both sides. It's commonly used for such clothing as cotton turtlenecks. If you stretch it crosswise, you can see that both sides of the fabric are actually rib knits -- k1p1 etc, all the way across the rows, but the two sides of the fabric are interlocked so the two "layers" act as one.
What is "Rib Knit"?
A double-knit fabric in which the vertical rows of stitches intermesh alternatively on the face and the back of the fabric. Rib knit fabrics have good elasticity and shape retention, especially in the width. This knitted fabric is used for complete garments and for such specialized uses as sleeve bands, neck bands, sweater waistbands, and special types of trims for use with other knit or woven fabrics. Lightweight sweaters in rib knits provide a close, body-hugging fit.
Can Organic Cotton containing elasthane (lycra) be certified by GOTS?
Organic Cotton with Lycra is used in a variety of apparel and other products. This fabric is always high on demand because of its qualities: stretchability, wear resistant, no pilling. GOTS standards allow up to 5% to be blended into the Organic cotton.
What are the benefits of organic bedding?
The growth and harvest of organic cotton is good for the environment. Moreover, Organic bedding is incredibly comfortable – you can really feel the difference. Choosing to buy organic products also decreases the use of agrochemicals. Organic cotton bedding may also be better for your health. Residual chemicals in normal cotton products have the potential to cause irritation.
How do I care for organic cotton bedding?
There is no difference in the way that you should take care of your organic cotton bedding in comparison to how you launder and clean other cotton bedding. Use your washing machine to wash your organic cotton sheets in warm water just like you would any other bedding.
What are the disadvantages of non-organic bedding?
Ordinary non-organic bedding may contain residual chemicals from the production process. This can irritate people with sensitive skin or allergies. The processing of non-organic bedding relies heavily on the use of chemicals. These chemicals may remain in your bedding and affect your nervous and respiratory system. The effects of these chemicals may include headaches, dizziness, difficulties with memory and difficulties with sleeping. Organic cotton bedding has none of these side effects and will ensure that you get a good night's sleep without of these health hazards.
Can I order ready-to-dye fabrics from Marcos?
Yes –you can order "Greige" fabric. If you plan to dye or print on these fabrics you will need to wash and prepare them first. We recommend pre-washing and drying your fabric prior to dyeing, printing, or cutting patterns, and using regular eco detergents and high-heat drying to ensure that any fabric changes happen before the fabric is used.
Can I order stock fabrics from Marcos?
You can buy stock fabrics from our fabrics warehouse by contacting our customer service department and asking for the stocklist? All of the items sold from our warehouse stock are sold at wholesale prices.
What kind of dyes are used in your organic fabric
We use low-impact, fiber-reactive dyes in an environmentally-sensitive facility. They have low heavy metal content, no formaldehyde, and are finished in accordance with the Global Organic Textile requirements. Bleaching is done with eco-friendly hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).Hydrogen Peroxide is a natural chemical which is not harmful to the people fabrics or the environment.
What fabric is best for making sheets and bed linens?
Marcos offers several fabrics that are perfect for making sheets, comforters, duvets, and pillowcases. Our 300 count Sateen, which comes in both 60" and 113" width, is one of our best-selling fabric for making bedding. We also offer a 100 Count and 300-count Percale in wide width. All of our bedding fabrics are particularly well suited for babies' crib sheets and bedding for children as well!
What fabrics do you recommend for babies and kids wear?
We carry Interlock, Rib Knit, and several weights of Jersey (one which has 5% lycra) that are wonderful fabrics for making children's clothing. All these fabrics have just a tiny bit of "give" that will make the comfy fit that kids need.
Do you have minimum order quantities (MOQ)?
Yes, we do. MOQs vary according to the fabrics, the colors (for dye lots) and the references in each article. For this reason, it is necessary to consult with our customer service representatives to know exactly which MOQ applies to your needs.
What are your delivery times?
Most fabric orders take 45 days to arrive in-house. Our normal production time is 90 days. We can execute orders in 60 days if the fabric is in stock .